Tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in the EU in 2017
The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2017
(European Food Safety Authority European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control)
Tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis is a rare infection in humans in the EU, with 185 confirmed human cases reported in 2017. The EU notification rate has increased from 0.03 cases per 100,000 population in 2013 to 0.04 cases per 100,000 population in 2017. The notification rate of M. bovis in humans was higher in MS not officially bovine tuberculosis free (non-OTF) compared with MS that were OTF in cattle (OTF) in 2017. The 2017 monitoring data on bovine tuberculosis in EU cattle demonstrate that the current situation in Europe on bovine tuberculosis infection, detection and control is heterogeneous. Bovine tuberculosis was reported by 16 MS and was much spatially clustered with the herd prevalence ranging from absence to 26.2% within the United Kingdom in south-west England. In the OTF regions of 22 MS, the detection during 2017 of bovine tuberculosis-infected herds remained a rare event, as in the previous years. As compared with 2016, two more MS, Malta and Portugal detected bovine tuberculosis infection in their OTF regions. All 10 non-OTF MS, except Cyprus, reported having detected bovine tuberculosis in their non-OTF regions. The total reported number of positive cattle herds in non-OTF regions increased by 8% compared with 2016 and also the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis-positive cattle herds increased to 1.8% as compared with 1.6% during 2016. This increase is due to the United Kingdom and Ireland. The United Kingdom reported for 2017 for Wales and for England, as well as for Northern Ireland, an increasing herd prevalence of 10% and higher, such as in recent years. Ireland reported a low herd prevalence, between 1–5%, which increased moderately, compared with recent years. Spain reported a low herd prevalence that decreased moderately. Greece reported for 2017 2.3% bovine tuberculosis test-positive cattle herds while during 2004–2017 test-positive cattle herds reported ranged from 1.9% in 2008 to 5.2% in 2015. Italy and Portugal reported very low (0.1–1%) herd prevalence.
The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2017 - European Food Safety Authority European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/5500
APPROVED: 19 November 2018
EFSA Journal 2018;16(12):5500
The Appendix lists all summary tables and ﬁgures made for the production of this section. It is an Excel ﬁle allowing the user to ﬁlter by chapter the corresponding summary tables and ﬁgures with their abbreviated ﬁle name and titles. All tables and ﬁgures are published as supporting information to this report and are available in downloadable ﬁles at http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1475841